THE PRECARIOUS LIFE UNDER THE PAPAL STATES
Jews arrived in Bologna in the 14th century . They were merchants, especially in used cloths. They always lived in precarious conditions, especially after 1504 when the city passed from rule by the Bentivoglio to the Papal States. This event was a turning point in the history of the Jews of the region. In 1566 ghetto was established but, three years later, the Church authorities proclaimed the first expulsion decree. They returned in 1584 and expelled again in 1593. The Jews came back to live in Bologna only in 1797. The synagogue, completed in 1928, was destroyed by a bomb in 1943 and reconstructed in 1953.