THE OLDEST COMMUNITY OF THE DIASPORA
The Roman community is a unique example in the Diaspora for more than 2000 years of presence in town. A constant factor in the Jewish history of Rome was papal policy. Pope Paul IV established the ghetto in 1555. Jews were segregated in the unsanitary area till the 1870, after three centuries of poverty and humiliation. The Tempio Maggiore was opened in 1904 after the ghetto had been demolished.