THE “GATEWAY TO ZION”
In 1719 the Habsburgs rulers declared the city a free port and many Jews came to trade in Trieste. In 1781 the Austrian rulers issued the “tolerance charter” granting the initial liberties. The ghetto was established in 1693 and abolished in 1785. The Jews of the town played a key role in the clandestine emigration to Palestine, and was even dubbed the “Gateway to Zion”.